FSANZ calls for comment on proposed Food Standards Code changes
Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) has outlined a number of possible changes to the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code including the prospect of allowing more raw milk products.
The changes under consideration include the approval of genetically modified (GM) maize, cotton and corn, erythrosine as a colouring for icing and a national food safety standard for the production and processing of raw milk products.
Food derived from herbicide-tolerant (GM) maize – Application A1021 – Assessment
Pioneer Hi-Bred International has requested an amendment to the Food Standards Code to permit the sale and use of food derived from a new genetically modified (GM) variety of maize, dual herbicide-tolerant maize line DP-098140-6. This maize has been genetically modified for tolerance to the broad-spectrum herbicide glyphosate and to acetolactate synthase (ALS)-inhibiting herbicides.
“We have completed a comprehensive safety assessment of this GM maize and have no safety concerns and consider food derived from it to be as wholesome as that derived from other commercial maize varieties,” the food standards body said.
Food derived from insect-protected and herbicide-tolerant (GM) cotton – Application A1028 – Assessment
FSANZ received an Application from Bayer CropScience requesting a variation to the Food Standards code to permit the sale and use of food derived from genetically modified cotton line T304-40, conferring insect-protection against feeding damage by Lepidopteran insect larvae and tolerance to herbicides containing glufosinate ammonium. FSANZ reported that they found no threats to human health from food derived from this cotton.
Food derived from drought-tolerant (GM) corn -Application A1029 – 1st Assessment
Monsanto Australia has requested approval to permit the sale and use of food derived from a new genetically modified (GM) variety of corn, ‘drought-tolerant’ corn line MON87460. This genetically modified corn has been developed to reduce yield loss under water-limited conditions.
“FSANZ must satisfy itself that food derived from GM sources is safe for human consumption before approval is given,” the food regulatory body advised. “We applied our usual safety assessment procedures to this drought-tolerant corn and concluded that food derived from it is safe to consume. We seek comment from interested parties.”
Beta-Galactosidase as a processing aid (enzyme) -Application A1032 – Assessment
Friesland Campina Domo is seeking approval to use Bacillus circulans ATCC 31382 as a new microbial source of the enzyme beta-galactosidase. Beta-galactosidase is used in the production of galacto-oligosaccharides. All processing aids must be assessed by FSANZ before they can be used in the manufacture of foods for sale in Australia and New Zealand. No safety concerns were identified for the enzyme preparation, the enzyme itself or the source microorganism and FSANZ is recommending approval at this stage.
Maltotetraohydrolase as a processing aid -Application A1033 – Assessment
Danisco A/S via Axiome Pty Ltd is seeking approval for the use of a new processing aid (enzyme), maltotetraohydrolase, produced from a genetically modified Bacillus licheniformis containing a modified gene from Pseudomonas stutzeri.Use of the enzyme delays the staling of bakery products and extends the acceptable eating quality period. The enzyme is expected to be largely inactivated during baking and will have no further technological function after baking.
“Our safety evaluation raised no risks to human health,” FSANZ said. “We are therefore recommending approval of this enzyme. We welcome information and comments.”
Red 3 erythrosine in food colouring preparations Application A603 – Draft Assessment
Golding Handicrafts of New Zealand has applied to FSANZ to expand the permission for the red food colouring erythrosine to icing and food colouring preparations. Erythrosine is currently only permitted in preserved cherries. The maximum permitted level sought for icing is 1/100th of the level permitted in cherries. A comprehensive scientific risk assessment has been carried out by FSANZ, concluding that it is safe over a lifetime of consumption, even for children and major consumers of these foods . The labelling requirements of the Code will apply to ensure that consumers can make informed decisions when purchasing foods containing erythrosine, they added.
Primary production and processing requirements for raw milk products (Australia only) Proposal P1007 – 1st Assessment
Current regulation of milk and dairy products in Australia include the heat treatment of milk (pasteurisation) to ensure dangerous bacteria are destroyed so we have high level of dairy product safety. This has been an important public health measure for many decades. ‘Raw’ or unpasteurised milk products, such as cheeses, are made from milk that has not undergone pasteurisation or an equivalent heat treatment. Currently, the Code only allows for a small number of cheeses made from raw milk to be produced or imported into Australia.
“We are now assessing whether a greater range of raw milk products can be produced, under carefully managed control systems, without compromising public health and safety,” FSANZ advised.
Details of how to make a submission can be found on the FSANZ website. The closing date for submissions is Wednesday 10 February 2010, except for P1007 (raw milk products), which closes on Wednesday 24 February 2010.